How to Install Lightweight Prism Syntax Highlighter in Blog?

Do you want to add Lightweight, robust, elegant Prism syntax highlighting widget in your Blogger Blog? Then try this amazing widget to highlight your widget script differently.

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data:blog.title
syntax highlighter

Syntax highlighter widely used in WordPress Blogging platform. This is a feature of text editors that are used for programming, scripting, or markup languages. The feature displays text, especially code snippets, in different colors and fonts according to the category of terms in content.

Syntax Highlighter mainly used for spicing up the looking of the code scripts and it also help to easily identify the code line thus users easily can find the code. In Blogger platform we used to use blockquote for highlighting the code block. But it’s time to change, come out from old school and go ahead for new things.

The major benefits of using Syntax Highlighter are as follows-
  • You will able to display code snippets in different color
  • Line numbering will help to identify the specific code easily.
  • You will able to isolate and show up CSS, HTML, Jquery and JavaScript in different colored box.
  • Syntax Highlighter is lightweight, robust, elegant syntax highlighting
The main disadvantage of Syntax Highlighter for Blogger user is that they have to do many manual works. Because every time you have to convert the code snippets for using and presenting on Blog posts. Converting means you have to use a Pre code parser tools. Luckily I have already added this tool in my Blog so you can use it. The reason why we had to manually encode the code was so Blogger doesn’t render the output.

Live Demo

Though pros and cons are relative factor but we can spice up our Blog by using this widget. So directly I am going to the tutorial. Before that you should the origin of this script. Because I am not the original developer of this Prism Syntax highlighter widget. This widget has developed by Lea Verou and her site URL is http://lea.verou.me and I just modified it for using in Blogger. But this widget already released by many developers but in different format and style just like below.


syntax highlighter

Step 1 Log in to your Blogger account and Go to your Blogger Dashboard

Step 2 Click on -> Template -> Edit HTML

Step 3 Now find </body> or </head> by Pressing Ctrl+F (Windows) or CMD+F (Mac) 

Step 4 And Paste the below codes one by one above/before </body> or </head>

 <style type='text/css'>
/* CSS Syntax Highlighter by Lea Verou Modified by www.bloggerspice.com */
pre {padding:35px 10px 10px 10px;margin:.5em 0;white-space:pre;word-wrap:break-word;overflow:auto;background-color:#222;position:relative;max-height:500px;border-radius:3px;}
pre::before {font-size:13px;content:attr(title);position:absolute;top:0;background-color:transparent;padding:6px 10px 7px 10px;left:0;right:0;color:#fff;display:block;margin:0 0 15px 0;font-weight:400;box-shadow:0 1px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.1);}
pre::after {content:"Double click to selection";padding:2px 10px;width:auto;height:auto;position:absolute;right:8px;top:4px;font-size:12px;color:#fff;line-height:20px;transition:all 0.3s ease-in-out;}
pre:hover::after {opacity:0;top:-8px;visibility:visible;}
code {font-family:'Arimo'sans-serif;line-height:16px;color:#88a9ad;background-color:transparent;
padding:1px 2px;font-size:13px;}
pre code {display:block;background:none;border:none;color:#c2bfd2;direction:ltr;
text-align:left;word-spacing:normal;padding:10px;font-weight:bold;}
code .token.punctuation {color:#ba3a3e;}
pre code .token.punctuation {color:#777;}
code .token.comment,code .token.prolog,code .token.doctype,code .token.cdata {color:#666;}
code .namespace {opacity:.8;}
code .token.property,code .token.tag,code .token.boolean,code .token.number {color:#d75046;}
code .token.selector,code .token.attr-name,code .token.string {color:#88a9ad;}
pre code .token.selector,pre code .token.attr-name {color:#00a1d6;}
pre code .token.string {color:#6fb401;}
code .token.entity,code .token.url,pre .language-css .token.string,pre .style .token.string {color:#5ac954;}
code .token.operator {color:#1887dd;}
code .token.atrule,code .token.attr-value {color:#009999;}
pre code .token.atrule,pre code .token.attr-value {color:#1baeb0;}
code .token.keyword {color:#e13200;font-style:italic;}
code .token.comment {font-style:italic;}
code .token.regex {color:#ccc;}
code .token.important {font-weight:bold;}
code .token.entity {cursor:help;}
pre mark {background-color:#ea4f4e!important;color:#fff!important;padding:2px;border-radius:2px;}
code mark {background-color:#ea4f4e!important;color:#fff!important;padding:2px;border-radius:2px;}
pre code mark {background-color:#ea4f4e!important;color:#fff!important;padding:2px;border-radius:2px;}
.comments pre {padding:10px 10px 15px 10px;background:#222;}
.comments pre::before {content:'Code';font-size:12px;position:relative;top:0;
background-color:#5a9ad2;padding:1px 6px;left:0;right:0;color:#fff;text-transform:uppercase;
display:inline-block;margin:0 0 10px 0;font-weight:400;border-radius:3px;border:none;}
.comments pre::after {font-size:11px;}
.comments pre code {color:#c2bfd2;}
.comments pre.line-numbers {padding-left:10px;}
pre.line-numbers {position:relative;padding-left:3.0em;counter-reset:linenumber;}
pre.line-numbers > code {position:relative;}
.line-numbers .line-numbers-rows {height:100%;position:absolute;top:0;font-size:100%;left:-3.5em;width:3.5em;-webkit-user-select:none;-moz-user-select:none;-ms-user-select:none;padding:10px 0 0 0;background:#2a2a2a;border-right:1px solid #3a3a3a;}
.line-numbers-rows > span {display:block;counter-increment:linenumber;}
.line-numbers-rows > span:before {content:counter(linenumber);color:#666;display:block;
padding-right:0.8em;text-align:right;transition:350ms;}
pre[data-codetype="CSS"]:before{background-color:#0183c5;}
pre[data-codetype="HTML"]:before{background-color:#ee7147;}
pre[data-codetype="JavaScript"]:before{background-color:#c2a3d0;}
pre[data-codetype="JQuery"]:before{background-color:#c2ac79;}
</style>

Customization 


  • To alter the Pre Code box header background color please alter the #0183c5 for CSS, #ee7147 for HTML, #c2a3d0 for JavaScript and #c2ac79 for Jquery script container box.

 <script type='text/javascript'>
//Pre Auto Selection
$('i[rel="pre"]').replaceWith(function() {
    return $('<pre><code>' + $(this).html() + '</code></pre>');
});
var pres = document.getElementsByTagName("pre");
for (var i = 0; i < pres.length; i++) {
  pres[i].addEventListener("dblclick", function () {
    var selection = getSelection();
    var range = document.createRange();
    range.selectNodeContents(this);
    selection.removeAllRanges();
    selection.addRange(range);
  }, false);
}
</script>

<script type='text/javascript'>
//<![CDATA[
/**
 * Prism: Lightweight, robust, elegant syntax highlighting
 * MIT license http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php/
 * @author Lea Verou http://lea.verou.me
* Modified by Mohammad Fazle Rabbi http://www.bloggerspice.com
 */
(function () {
    // Private helper vars
    var lang = /\blang(?:uage)?-(?!\*)(\w+)\b/i;
    var _ = self.Prism = {
        languages: {
            insertBefore: function (inside, before, insert, root) {
                root = root || _.languages;
                var grammar = root[inside];
                var ret = {};
                for (var token in grammar) {
                    if (grammar.hasOwnProperty(token)) {
                        if (token == before) {
                            for (var newToken in insert) {
                                if (insert.hasOwnProperty(newToken)) {
                                    ret[newToken] = insert[newToken];
                                }
                            }
                        }
                        ret[token] = grammar[token];
                    }
                }
                return root[inside] = ret;
            },
            DFS: function (o, callback) {
                for (var i in o) {
                    callback.call(o, i, o[i]);
                    if (Object.prototype.toString.call(o) === '[object Object]') {
                        _.languages.DFS(o[i], callback);
                    }
                }
            }
        },
        highlightAll: function (async, callback) {
            var elements = document.querySelectorAll('code[class*="language-"], [class*="language-"] code, code[class*="lang-"], [class*="lang-"] code');
            for (var i = 0, element; element = elements[i++];) {
                _.highlightElement(element, async === true, callback);
            }
        },
        highlightElement: function (element, async, callback) {
            // Find language
            var language, grammar, parent = element;
            while (parent && !lang.test(parent.className)) {
                parent = parent.parentNode;
            }
            if (parent) {
                language = (parent.className.match(lang) || [, ''])[1];
                grammar = _.languages[language];
            }
            if (!grammar) {
                return;
            }
            // Set language on the element, if not present
            element.className = element.className.replace(lang, '').replace(/\s+/g, ' ') + ' language-' + language;
            // Set language on the parent, for styling
            parent = element.parentNode;
            if (/pre/i.test(parent.nodeName)) {
                parent.className = parent.className.replace(lang, '').replace(/\s+/g, ' ') + ' language-' + language;
            }
            var code = element.textContent.trim();
            if (!code) {
                return;
            }
            code = code.replace(/&/g, '&amp;').replace(/</g, '&lt;').replace(/>/g, '&gt;').replace(/\u00a0/g, ' ');
            //console.time(code.slice(0,50));
            var env = {
                element: element,
                language: language,
                grammar: grammar,
                code: code
            };
            _.hooks.run('before-highlight', env);
            if (async && self.Worker) {
                var worker = new Worker(_.filename);
                worker.onmessage = function (evt) {
                    env.highlightedCode = Token.stringify(JSON.parse(evt.data));
                    env.element.innerHTML = env.highlightedCode;
                    callback && callback.call(env.element);
                    //console.timeEnd(code.slice(0,50));
                    _.hooks.run('after-highlight', env);
                };
                worker.postMessage(JSON.stringify({
                    language: env.language,
                    code: env.code
                }));
            } else {
                env.highlightedCode = _.highlight(env.code, env.grammar)
                env.element.innerHTML = env.highlightedCode;
                callback && callback.call(element);
                _.hooks.run('after-highlight', env);
                //console.timeEnd(code.slice(0,50));
            }
        },
        highlight: function (text, grammar) {
            return Token.stringify(_.tokenize(text, grammar));
        },
        tokenize: function (text, grammar) {
            var Token = _.Token;
            var strarr = [text];
            var rest = grammar.rest;
            if (rest) {
                for (var token in rest) {
                    grammar[token] = rest[token];
                }
                delete grammar.rest;
            }
            tokenloop: for (var token in grammar) {
                if (!grammar.hasOwnProperty(token) || !grammar[token]) {
                    continue;
                }
                var pattern = grammar[token],
                    inside = pattern.inside,
                    lookbehind = !! pattern.lookbehind || 0;
                pattern = pattern.pattern || pattern;
                for (var i = 0; i < strarr.length; i++) { // Don’t cache length as it changes during the loop
                    var str = strarr[i];
                    if (strarr.length > text.length) {
                        // Something went terribly wrong, ABORT, ABORT!
                        break tokenloop;
                    }
                    if (str instanceof Token) {
                        continue;
                    }
                    pattern.lastIndex = 0;
                    var match = pattern.exec(str);
                    if (match) {
                        if (lookbehind) {
                            lookbehind = match[1].length;
                        }
                        var from = match.index - 1 + lookbehind,
                            match = match[0].slice(lookbehind),
                            len = match.length,
                            to = from + len,
                            before = str.slice(0, from + 1),
                            after = str.slice(to + 1);
                        var args = [i, 1];
                        if (before) {
                            args.push(before);
                        }
                        var wrapped = new Token(token, inside ? _.tokenize(match, inside) : match);
                        args.push(wrapped);
                        if (after) {
                            args.push(after);
                        }
                        Array.prototype.splice.apply(strarr, args);
                    }
                }
            }
            return strarr;
        },
        hooks: {
            all: {},
            add: function (name, callback) {
                var hooks = _.hooks.all;
                hooks[name] = hooks[name] || [];
                hooks[name].push(callback);
            },
            run: function (name, env) {
                var callbacks = _.hooks.all[name];
                if (!callbacks || !callbacks.length) {
                    return;
                }
                for (var i = 0, callback; callback = callbacks[i++];) {
                    callback(env);
                }
            }
        }
    };
    var Token = _.Token = function (type, content) {
            this.type = type;
            this.content = content;
        };
    Token.stringify = function (o) {
        if (typeof o == 'string') {
            return o;
        }
        if (Object.prototype.toString.call(o) == '[object Array]') {
            for (var i = 0; i < o.length; i++) {
                o[i] = Token.stringify(o[i]);
            }
            return o.join('');
        }
        var env = {
            type: o.type,
            content: Token.stringify(o.content),
            tag: 'span',
            classes: ['token', o.type],
            attributes: {}
        };
        if (env.type == 'comment') {
            env.attributes['spellcheck'] = 'true';
        }
        _.hooks.run('wrap', env);
        var attributes = '';
        for (var name in env.attributes) {
            attributes += name + '="' + (env.attributes[name] || '') + '"';
        }
        return '<' + env.tag + ' class="' + env.classes.join(' ') + '" ' + attributes + '>' + env.content + '</' + env.tag + '>';
    };
    if (!self.document) {
        // In worker
        self.addEventListener('message', function (evt) {
            var message = JSON.parse(evt.data),
                lang = message.language,
                code = message.code;
            self.postMessage(JSON.stringify(_.tokenize(code, _.languages[lang])));
            self.close();
        }, false);
        return;
    }
    // Get current script and highlight
    var script = document.getElementsByTagName('script');
    script = script[script.length - 1];
    if (script) {
        _.filename = script.src;
        if (document.addEventListener && !script.hasAttribute('data-manual')) {
            document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', _.highlightAll);
        }
    }
})();
Prism.languages.markup = {
    'comment': /&lt;!--[\w\W]*?--(&gt;|&gt;)/g,
    'prolog': /&lt;\?.+?\?&gt;/,
    'doctype': /&lt;!DOCTYPE.+?&gt;/,
    'cdata': /&lt;!\[CDATA\[[\w\W]+?]]&gt;/i,
    'tag': {
        pattern: /&lt;\/?[\w:-]+\s*[\w\W]*?&gt;/gi,
        inside: {
            'tag': {
                pattern: /^&lt;\/?[\w:-]+/i,
                inside: {
                    'punctuation': /^&lt;\/?/,
                    'namespace': /^[\w-]+?:/
                }
            },
            'attr-value': {
                pattern: /=(('|")[\w\W]*?(\2)|[^\s>]+)/gi,
                inside: {
                    'punctuation': /=/g
                }
            },
            'punctuation': /\/?&gt;/g,
            'attr-name': {
                pattern: /[\w:-]+/g,
                inside: {
                    'namespace': /^[\w-]+?:/
                }
            }
        }
    },
    'entity': /&amp;#?[\da-z]{1,8};/gi
};
// Plugin to make entity title show the real entity, idea by Roman Komarov
Prism.hooks.add('wrap', function (env) {
    if (env.type === 'entity') {
        env.attributes['title'] = env.content.replace(/&amp;/, '&');
    }
});
Prism.languages.css = {
    'comment': /\/\*[\w\W]*?\*\//g,
    'atrule': /@[\w-]+?(\s+.+)?(?=\s*{|\s*;)/gi,
    'url': /url\((["']?).*?\1\)/gi,
    'selector': /[^\{\}\s][^\{\}]*(?=\s*\{)/g,
    'property': /(\b|\B)[a-z-]+(?=\s*:)/ig,
    'string': /("|')(\\?.)*?\1/g,
    'important': /\B!important\b/gi,
    'ignore': /&(lt|gt|amp);/gi,
    'punctuation': /[\{\};:]/g
};
if (Prism.languages.markup) {
    Prism.languages.insertBefore('markup', 'tag', {
        'style': {
            pattern: /(&lt;|<)style[\w\W]*?(>|&gt;)[\w\W]*?(&lt;|<)\/style(>|&gt;)/ig,
            inside: {
                'tag': {
                    pattern: /(&lt;|<)style[\w\W]*?(>|&gt;)|(&lt;|<)\/style(>|&gt;)/ig,
                    inside: Prism.languages.markup.tag.inside
                },
                rest: Prism.languages.css
            }
        }
    });
}
Prism.languages.javascript = {
    'comment': {
        pattern: /(^|[^\\])(\/\*[\w\W]*?\*\/|\/\/.*?(\r?\n|$))/g,
        lookbehind: true
    },
    'string': /("|')(\\?.)*?\1/g,
    'regex': {
        pattern: /(^|[^/])\/(?!\/)(\[.+?]|\\.|[^/\r\n])+\/[gim]{0,3}(?=\s*($|[\r\n,.;})]))/g,
        lookbehind: true
    },
    'keyword': /\b(var|let|if|else|while|do|for|return|in|instanceof|function|new|with|typeof|try|catch|finally|null|break|continue)\b/g,
    'boolean': /\b(true|false)\b/g,
    'number': /\b-?(0x)?\d*\.?\d+\b/g,
    'operator': /[-+]{1,2}|!|=?&lt;|=?&gt;|={1,2}|(&amp;){1,2}|\|?\||\?|\*|\//g,
    'ignore': /&(lt|gt|amp);/gi,
    'punctuation': /[{}[\];(),.:]/g
};
if (Prism.languages.markup) {
    Prism.languages.insertBefore('markup', 'tag', {
        'script': {
            pattern: /(&lt;|<)script[\w\W]*?(>|&gt;)[\w\W]*?(&lt;|<)\/script(>|&gt;)/ig,
            inside: {
                'tag': {
                    pattern: /(&lt;|<)script[\w\W]*?(>|&gt;)|(&lt;|<)\/script(>|&gt;)/ig,
                    inside: Prism.languages.markup.tag.inside
                },
                rest: Prism.languages.javascript
            }
        }
    });
}
Prism.languages.java = {
    'comment': {
        pattern: /(^|[^\\])(\/\*[\w\W]*?\*\/|\/\/.*?(\r?\n|$))/g,
        lookbehind: true
    },
    'string': /("|')(\\?.)*?\1/g,
    'keyword': /\b(abstract|continue|for|new|switch|assert|default|goto|package|synchronized|boolean|do|if|private|this|break|double|implements|protected|throw|byte|else|import|public|throws|case|enum|instanceof|return|transient|catch|extends|int|short|try|char|final|interface|static|void|class|finally|long|strictfp|volatile|const|float|native|super|while)\b/g,
    'boolean': /\b(true|false)\b/g,
    'number': /\b0b[01]+\b|\b0x[\da-f]*\.?[\da-fp\-]+\b|\b\d*\.?\d+[e]?[\d]*[df]\b|\W\d*\.?\d+\b/gi,
    'operator': {
        pattern: /([^\.]|^)([-+]{1,2}|!|=?&lt;|=?&gt;|={1,2}|(&amp;){1,2}|\|?\||\?|\*|\/|%|\^|(&lt;){2}|($gt;){2,3}|:|~)/g,
        lookbehind: true
    },
    'ignore': /&(lt|gt|amp);/gi,
    'punctuation': /[{}[\];(),.:]/g,
};

//]]>
</script>


<script>
$('pre').attr('class', 'line-numbers');
Prism.hooks.add("after-highlight",function(e){var t=e.element.parentNode;if(!t||!/pre/i.test(t.nodeName)||t.className.indexOf("line-numbers")===-1){return}var n=1+e.code.split("\n").length;var r;lines=new Array(n);lines=lines.join("<span></span>");r=document.createElement("span");r.className="line-numbers-rows";r.innerHTML=lines;if(t.hasAttribute("data-start")){t.style.counterReset="linenumber "+(parseInt(t.getAttribute("data-start"),10)-1)}e.element.appendChild(r)})
</script>

Step 5 Now simply hit the Save template button. Don’t think that job has done. Because we will now

do some manual works to display the scripts through Prism Syntax highlighter. Because without converting the code snippets you won’t able to display it in your Blog posts. Generally we can display the code snippets of CSS, HTML, JavaScript and Jquery so I have created 4 pre titles for denoting the language is this.

<pre title="HTML" data-codetype ="HTML"><code class="language-markup"> ... Your HTML (already escaped) put here ... </code></pre>

<pre title="CSS" data-codetype ="CSS"><code class="language-css"> ... Your CSS put here ... </code></pre>

<pre title="Javascript" data-codetype ="JavaScript"><code class="language-javascript"> ... Your JavaScript put here ... </code></pre>

<pre title="jQuery" data-codetype ="JQuery"><code class="language-javascript"> ... Your jQuery put here ... </code></pre>

So for displaying HTML you have to use first language markup. I am showing you an example for displaying HTML language markup. Suppose your HTML code script is like below and you want to display it in your Blog post.
<div class="review-circle">Hardware<span>8</span></div><div class="rev-value-outer"><div class="rev-value" data-value="8" style="width:80%"></div></div></div>

Now go to my pre code Parser tool by visiting http://www.bloggerspice.com/p/pre-code-parser.html  URL and copy the above code and paste it in pre code parser. 


pre code parser

After that press the Conversion button from the bottom. Now the script will be like below-

<i rel="pre">&lt;div class="review-item"&gt;&lt;div class="review-circle"&gt;Hardware&lt;span&gt;8&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;div class="rev-value-outer"&gt;&lt;div class="rev-value" data-value="8" style="width:80%"&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/div&gt;</i>

Now this parsed code you have to wrap up by CSS language markup. This will be exactly like below-
<pre title="HTML" data-codetype ="HTML"><code class="language-markup">
&lt;div class="review-item"&gt;&lt;div class="review-circle"&gt;Hardware&lt;span&gt;8&lt;/span&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;div class="rev-value-outer"&gt;&lt;div class="rev-value" data-value="8" style="width:80%"&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/div&gt;&lt;/div&gt;</code></pre>
In the above code I have removed
<i rel="pre"> </i>
Now your script is ready to use in Blogger template. And I will show you how to use this in Blogger template.

How to Display Prism syntax highlighting script in Blog Post?



This is very simple. Because we know to display any HTML script we have to switch to HTML view from Compose view in Blog Post. So while you create a new post then from Post Editor Select HTML view from Compose view. Now add the parsed script and switch to Compose view for publishing the content.

That’s it. Now check your recently published content and see code snippets are displaying with Prism syntax highlighting style. For any further help feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you. Happy Blogging!!! 
How to Install Lightweight Prism Syntax Highlighter in Blog?
4 Stars stars - "How to Install Lightweight Prism Syntax Highlighter in Blog?" Syntax highlighter widely used in WordPress Blogging platform. This is a feature of text ed...
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